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Draft Background - Jan221 2 3 Resolution to approve LRTP goes here List of Representatives and Staff Involved (to come) 4 5 Table of Contents Background 1 Regional Context 5 Guiding Principles 29 Transportation Funding 55 Road and Bridge Network 61 2022-2030 Project map and tables 95-97 2026-2035 Project map and tables 98-100 2036-2045 Project map and tables 101-103 Bicycle and Pedestrian Network 105 2022-2050 Project maps and tables 116-118 Passenger Transportation 121 Freight Network 137 Aviation 142 Supporting Documents 150 6 7 List of Figures and Maps (to come) 8 1 BACkGRouND The Metropolitan Planning organization Federal legislation requires any urbanized area with a population over 50,000 to have a metro- politan planning organization (MPO) to ensure that existing and future expenditures of federal funding for transportation projects and programs are based on the continuing, cooperative, and comprehensive (“3-C”) planning process. This helps to ensure that metropolitan region-wide plans are developed through intergovernmental collaboration, rational analysis, and consen- sus-based decision making. Transparency through public access to participation in the planning process and electronic publication of plans is now required by federal law. The Metropolitan Planning Organization of Johnson County (MPOJC) provides transportation planning services for the Iowa City urbanized area, including Iowa City, Coralville, North Liberty, University Heights, Tiffin, Johnson County, and the University of Iowa. The MPO facilitate col- laboration of governments, interested parties, and residents of the metro area in the planning process. The urbanized Area Policy Board is composed of 15 voting members made up of elected officials from each of the member entities plus 1 representative appointed by the president of the University of Iowa. Representation is proportional to population of the entity, however Iowa City is limited to 6 members to avoid having a majority of the seats on the Board.The Iowa City Community School District has one non-voting school board member. The Board is organized to conform with the federal requirements of the MPO •Smart transportation investment means allocating scarce federal and other transportation funding resources to the areas of greatest need. •Planning for the metro area should reflect the region’s shared vision for its future and requires a comprehensive examination of the region’s future and investment alternatives. •The MPO facilitates collaboration between governments, interested parties, and residents. Meetings of the Urbanized Area Policy Board allow representatives of the MPO entities to discuss shared goals and challenges and to plan for investments that benefit the metro transportation system.. Photo courtesty City Channel 4 2 3BACkGRouNDBACkGRouND What is the Long Range Transportation Plan? The development and adoption of a Long Range Transportation Plan (LRTP) is required by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) for all urbanized areas in order to receive federal fund- ing under the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act (FAST Act). The FAST Act is the most current federal legislation (adopted 2015) that establishes federal transportation funding pro- grams for surface transportation modes. The Plan must represent all municipalities in MPOJC’s long range planning area and be compre- hensive, considering all modes of surface transportation. It should coordinate transportation issues among and between adjacent municipalities and attempt to address conflicting perspec- tives. The Plan should be continuing in its evolution and be updated as community priorities change, but at least every five years according to Federal requirements. MPO entities and the public should have adequate opportunity to comment on the provisions of the proposed plan. The Plan should reflect priorities for the community that can be translated into politically viable and financially reasonable transportation projects during the life of the plan. The LRTP is the transportation vision for the metro area in the same way that a comprehen- sive plan is the land use vision for a municipality. A comprehensive plan provides the basis for subsequent zoning and subdivision laws in a municipality, and a long range transportation plan should provide a similar basis for the programming of projects for all modes of transportation. To maximize effectiveness, a transportation plan should be consistent with the land use plans of the individual entities. In general, this plan shall carr out a transportation planning process taht provides for consider- ation and implementaton of projects, strategies, and services that support the Federal Highway Administration Planing Factors: •Economic Vitality •Safety •Security •Accessibility and Mobility •Environment, Energy Conservation, Quality of LIfe •Integration/Coonectivity •System Management/Operation •Preservation •Resiliency and Reliability •Travel and Tourism Long Range Plan Vision: To ensure the strategic use of public invest- ments and policies for the creation of a safe, efficient, and equitable transportation net- work that enhances economic opportunity and growth while preserving our environ- ment and quality of life. The Metropolitan Area The Metropolitan Area Planning Boundary is the area in which the metropolitan transportation planning process is carried out. The boundary includes the five municipal entities—Coralville, Iowa City, North Liberty, Tiffin, and University Heights—and a portion of un- incorporated Johnson County directly adjacent to the metro area. Only projects located within the urbanized area planning boundary are eligible for federal funding through the MPO. North Liberty CoralvilleTiffin University Heights Iowa City http://www.to2040.org/assets/2015_plan/AppendA_FedPlanFact_adopt_final.pdf